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2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(英语)

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时间:2014-03-11

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本试题分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
 
第Ⅰ卷
注意事项:
  1. 答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。
  2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。
  3.  
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将在试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10称钟的时间来回答有关小题如阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.     B. £9.18.      C£9.15.   
答案是 C。
 
  1. What does the man want to do?
A.Take photos.
B.Buy a camera.
C.Help the woman.
2.What are the speakers talking about>
A.A noisy night
B.Their life in town
C.A place of living.
 
3.Where is the man now?
  A.On his way.
B.In a restaurant.
C.At home
4.What will Celia do?
  A.Find a player.
B.Watch a game.
C.Play basketball.
5.What day is it when the conversation takes place?
A.Saturday.
B.Sunday.
C.Monday.
 
第二节(共15小题:每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
 
听第6段材料,回答6、7题。
6.What is Sara going to do?
  A.Buy John a gift.
B.Give John a surpise
C.Invite John to France.
7.What does the man think of Sara’s plan?
  A.Funny.
B.Exciting.
C.Strange.
 
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.Why does Diana say sorry to peter?
  A.She has to give up her travel pan.
B.She wants to visit another city.
C.She needs to put off her test.
 
9.What does Diana want Peter to do?
  1. Help her with her study.
  2. Take a book to her friend.
  3. Teach a geography lesson.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.Why does the man call the woman?
       A.To tell her about her new job.
       B.To ask about her job program.
       C.To plan a meeting with her.
11.Who needs a new flat?
       A.Alex.
       B.Andrea.
       C.Miranda.
12.Where is the woman now?
       A.In Baltimore.
       B.In New York.
C.In Avon.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.What does Jan consider most important when he judges a restaurant?
A.Where the restaurant is.
B.Whether the prices are low.
C.How well the food is prepared.
14.When did Jan begin to write for a magazine?
A.After he came back to Sweden.
B.Before he went to the United States.
C.As soon as he got his first job in 1982.
15.What may Jan do to find a good restaurant?
A.Talk to people in the street.
B.Speak to taxi drivers.
C.Ask hotel clerks.
16.What do we know about Jan?
A.He cooks for a restaurant.
B.He travels a lot ofr his work.
C.He prefers American food.
听 第10段材料,回答第17至20题
17. What dowe know about the piaza  Leen?
A.it’s new builing
B.it’s a small town
C.it’s public place
18. When do partents and children like going to the Piaza Leen?
A.satyrday nights
B.Sunday afternoons
C.Fridays and Saturdays.
19. Which street is known for its food shops and markets?
A.Via dei Mar Street
B.Femando Street.
C.Hemandes Street
20. Why does the speaker like Horation Street best ?
A.It has an old stone surface.
B.it is named after a writer
C.It  has a famous university.
第二部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
  • 单项天空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该涂黑。
例:we____ last night, but we went to the concert instead.
    A.must have studied                  B. might study
    C. should have studied                D. would study
答案是C.
21. -Wly, this is nothing but common vegetable soup!
A.Let me see        Bso it is     CDon ‘t  mention it  D Neither do I
22. .They might just have a place ______on the writing course一why don't you give it a try?
A.Leave      B.Left    C. leaving      D. to leave
23. Try not to sough more than you can         since it may cause problems to your lungs.
A. check              B. allow                      C.stop            D.help
24. If we          now to protect the environment, we’ll live to regret it.
A. hadn't acted       B. haven't acted      C. don't act     D. won't act
25. Tony can hardly boil an egg,still      cook dinner.
       A.less                    B.little                  C.much          D.more
26. Police have found         appears to be the lost ancient statue.
       A. which               B. where               C. how                  D.what
27.When I first met Bryan I didn’t like him, but I        my mind.
       A. have changed     B. change                     C. had changed      D.would change
28. The driver wanted to park his car near the roadside but was asked by}the police       .
       A .not to do           B. not to                C. not do               D. do not
29.The door        open , no matter how hard she pushed.
       A. shouldn’t          B. couldn't             C. wouldn't            D. mightn't
30. At the last moment Tom-decided to          a new character to make the story seem more likely.
       A. put up               B. put in                      C. put on               D. put off
31. India attained          independence in 1947, after           long struggle.
       A.不填;a               B. the; a                C. an;不填             D. an; the
32.There’s no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery          another man, also intelligent, fails.
       A. since                 B: if                      C. as                            D. while
33.”You can’t judge a book by its cover,”         .
       A. as the saying goes old                                          B. goes as the old saying
C. as the old saying goes                                          D. goes as old the saying
34.It was a real race         time to get the project done. Luckily, we made it.
       A. over                 B. by                           C. for                   D. against
35. The sunlight is white and blinding,        hard-edged shadows on the ground.
       A. throwing           B.being thrown      C.to throw             D.to be thrown
第二节 完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
I went  to a group activity,“Sensitivity Sunday”which was to make us more  36 the problem faced by disabled people,We where asked asked to “  37  a disability”for sever hours one Sunday,Some member  38  chose the wheel chair,Other wore sound-blocking carplug(耳塞)or bilndfold(眼罩).
 Just sitting in the wheelchair was a   39  experience,I had never considered before how   40  it would be to use one ,As soon as I sat down my   41  made the chair begin to roll ,Its wheel were not   42   Then I wondered where to put my  43  ,It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest into  44   ,I took my first uneasy look at what was to be my only means of  45   for serveral hours,For disabled people,“adoping a wheelchair”is not a tempoarty(临时的)  46 
 I tried to find a  47  position and thought it might be restful,  48  kind of nice to be  49  around for a while, Looking around,I  50   would have to handle the thing myself!My hands statred to ache as I  51  the heavy wheels,I came to know that controlling the  52  of the wheelchair as not going to be  53  task,
 My wheelchair experment was soon  54  It made a deep impression on me ,A few hours of “disability” gave me only a taste of the  55  ,both physical and mental,that disbled people must overcome
36.A.curious about    B. interested in   C. aware on   D. careful with 
37.A.cure             B.prevent          C.adopt       D.analyze 
38.A.inserted         B.strangely        C.as usual    D.like me
39.A.learning         B.working          C.satrstying  D.relaxing
40.A.convening        B.awkward          C.boring      D.exciting
41.A.height           B.force            C.skill       D.weight
42.A.locked           B.repaired         C.powered     D.grasped
43.A.hands            B.feet             C.keys        D.handles
44.A.place            B.action           C.play        D.effect
45.A.operation        B.ecommunication   C.transportation D.production
46.A.exploration      B.edcation         C.experiment     D.entertainment
47.A.flexble             B. safe             C. starting             D. comfortable
48.A. yet               B. just             C. still                 D. even
49.A.shown             B. pushed          C. driven              D. guided
50.A.realized            B. suggested        C. agreed              D. admitted
51.A. lifted              B. turned          C. pressed             D. seized
52.A. path              B. position          C. direction            D. way
53.A. easy              B. heavy            C. major               D. extra
54.A. forgotten          B. repeated          C. conducted           D. finished
55.A. weaknesses        B. challenges         C. anxieties             D. illnesses
 
 
第三部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                                   A
Some  people will do just about anything to save money. And I am one of them .Take my family’s last vacation .It was my six-year-old son’s winter break form school ,and we were heading
home form Fort Lauderdale after a weeklong trip. The flight was overbooked ,and Delta , the airline ,offered us $400 per person in credits to give up our seats and leave the next day .I had meeting in New York,So I had to get back . But that didn't mean my husband and my son couldn't stay. I took my nine-month-old and  took off for home.
The next day my husband and son were offered more credits to take an even later flight.
Yes, I encouraged一okay, ordered-them to wait it out at the airport, to "earn" more Delta Dollars. Our total take: $1,600. Not bad, huh?
  Now some people may think I'm a bad mother and not such a great wife either. But as a big-time bargain hunter, I know the value of a dollar. And these days, a good deal is some-timething few of us can afford to pass up.
 I've made living looking for the best deals and exposing (揭露) the worst tricks .I have been the consumer reporter of NBC's Today show for over a decade. I have written a couple
of books including one titled Tricks of the Trade: A Consumer Survival Guide. And I really do  what I believe in.I tell you this because there is no shame in getting your money’s  worth. I’m  also tightfisted when it comes to shoes, clothes for my children,and expensive restaurants.But I wouldn't hesitate to spend on a good haircut. It keeps its longer, and it's the first thing people notice. And I will also spend on a classic piece of furniture. Quality lasts.
 
56. Why did Delta give the author's family credits?
A. They took  a later flight.
B. They had early bookings.
C. Their flight had been delayed.
D. Their flight had been cancelled.
57. What can we learn about the author?
A. She rarely misses a good deal.
B. She seldom  makes a compromise.
C. She is very strict with her children
D. She is interested in cheap products.
58. What does the author do?
A. She's a teacher.
B. She's a housewife.
C. She's a media person.
D. She's a businesswoman.
59. What does the author want to tell us?
A.How to expose bad tricks.
B. How to reserve airline seats.
C. How to spend money wisely,
D. How to make a business deal.
B
    They baby is just one day old and has not yet left hospital. She is quiet but alert (警觉)。Twenty  centimeters from her face researchers have placed a white card with two black spots
On it.She stares at it carefully . A researcher removes the card and replaces it by another, this time with the spots differently spaced. As the cards change from one to the other,her gaze(凝视) starts to lose its focus - until a third, with three black spots, is presented. Her gaze returns;she looks at it for twice as long as she did at the previous card. Can she tell that the number two is different from three, just 24 hours after coming into the world?
 
       Or do newborns simply prefer more to fewer? The same experiment,but with three spots shown before two, shows the same return of interest when the number of spots changes.Perhaps it is just the newness? When slightly older babies were shown cards with pictures of objects(a comb,a key,an orange and so on),changing the number of objects had an effect separate from changing the objects themselves.Could it be the pattern that two things make,as opposed to three? No again.Babies paid more attention to squares moving randomly on a screen when their number changed from two to three, or three to two. The effect even crosses between senses.Babies who were repeatedly shown two spots became more excited when they then heard three drumbeats than when they heard just two;likewist(同样地) when the researchers started with drumbeats and moved to spots.
60.The experiment described in Paragraph 1 is related to the baby’s__.
A.sense of hearing.
B.sense of sight.
C.sense of touch.
D.sense of smell.
61.Babies are sensitive to the change in______.
A.the size of cards.
B.the colour of pictures.
C.the shape of patterns.
D.the number of objects.
62.Why did the researchers test the babies with drumbeats?
A.To reduce the difficulty of the experiment.
B.To see how babies recognize sounds.
C.To carry their experiment further.
D.To keep the babies’ interest.
63.Where does this text probably come from?
A.Science fiction.
B.Children’s literature.
C.An advertisement.
D.A science report.
C
It happened to me recently.Iwas telling someone how much Ihad enjoyed reading Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father and how it had changed my views of our President.A friend Iwas talking to agreed with me that it was ,in his words,“a brilliantly(精彩地)written book”.however,he then went on to talk abour Mr Obama in a way which suggested he had no idea of his background at all .Isensed that Iwas talking to a book liar.
And it seems that my friend is not the only one.Approximately two thirds of people have lied about reading a book which they haven’t .In the World Book Day’s“Report on Guilty Secrets”,Dreams From My Father is at number 9.The report lists ten books,and various authors,which people have lied about reading,and as I’m not one to lie too often (I’d hate to be caught out ),I’lladmit here and now that I haven’t read the entire top ten .But I am pleased to say that,unlike 42 percent of peoplt,I have read the book at number one ,George Orwell’s 1984.I think it’s really brilliant.
The World Book Day report also has some other interesting information in it.It says that many people lie about having read jane Austen,Charles Dickens,Fyodor Dostoevsky(I haven’t read him,but haven’t lied about it either )and Herman Melville.
A sked why they lied,the most common reason was to“impress”someone they were speaking to.This coule be tricky if the conversation became more in –depth!
But when asked which authors they actually enjoy,people named J.k.Rowling,John Grisham,Sophie Kinsella(ah,the big sellers,in other words).Forty-two percent of people asked admitted they turned to the back of the book to read the end before finishing the story(I’ll come clean:I do this and am astonished that 58 percent said they had never dome so).
 
64.How did the author find his friend a book liar?
A.By judging his manner of speaking.
B.By looking into his background.
C.By mentioning a famous name.
D.By discussing the book it self.
65.Which of the following is a“guilty secret ”according to the World Book Day report?
A.Charles Dickens is very low on the top-ten list.
B.42% of people pretended to have read 1984.
C.The author admitted having read 9 books.
D.Dreams From My Father is hardly read.
66.By lying about reading ,a person hopes to      .
A.control the conversation
B.appear knowledgeable
C.learn about the book
D.make more friends
67.What is the suthor’s attitude to 58%of readers?
A.Favorable.
B.Uncaring
C.Doubtful
D.Friendly
D
The National Gallery
Description:
       The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modern ones by Renoir and Van Gogh.The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance
Layout:
The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the buileing houses 13th-to15th-century paintings,and artists include Duccio,Uccello,Van Eyck,Lippi,Mantegna,Botticelli and Memling.
The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings ,and artists include Leonardo da Vinci,Cranach,Michelangelo,Raphael,Bruegel,Bronzino,Titan and Veronest.
The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings,and artists include Caravaggio,Rubens,Poussin,Van Dyck,Velazquez,Claude and Vermeer.
The East Wing houses 18th-to early 20th-century paintings,and artists include Canaletto,Goya,Turner,Constable,Renoir and Van Gogh
 
 
Opening Hours:
The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm(Fridays 10anm to 9pm)and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions.
Getting There:
Nearest underground stations: Charing  Cross(2-minute walk). Leicester  Square(3-minute walk),Embankment(7-minute walk),and Piccadilly Circus(8-minute walk).
 
68.In which century’s collection can you see religious paintings?
   A.The 13th
B.The 17th
C.The 18th
D.The 20th
69.Where are Leonardo da Vinci’s works shown?
   A.In the East Wing.
B.In the main West Wing.
C.In the Sainsbury Wing.
D.In the North Wing.
70.Which underground station is closest to the National Gallery?
   A.Piccadilly Circus.
B.Leicester Square.
C.Embankment.
D.Charing Cross.
第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项·
选项中有两项为多余选项。
Business is the organized approach to providing customers    with the goods and services   they want.The eord business also refers yo an organization that provides these goods and services.Most business seek to make a profit(利润)-that aim to achieve income that is more than the costs of operating the business.   71   Commonly called nonprofits,these organizations areprimarily nongovernmental service providers.
    Business management is a term used to describe the techniques of planning, direction,and control of the operations of a business.         73   One is the establishment (制定)of broad basic policies with respect to production; sales; the purchase of equipment, materials and and supplies; and accounting.  74  The third relates to the establishment of standards of word in all departments. Direction is concerned primarily with supervision(监管)and guidance by the management in authority.  75 
A. Control includes the use of records and reports to compare actual work with the set standards for work.
B. In this connection there is the difference between top management and operative management.
C.Examples of nonprofit business top management and operative management.
D. However, some businesses only seek to enough to cover their operating costs
E. The second aspect relates to the application of these policies by departments.
F. In the theory of business management, organization has two main aspects.
G Planning in business management has three main aspects.
 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第四部分 写作(共两页,满分35分)
 第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
   假定英语课上老师要求同桌中间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
     增加:把缺词处叫个娄子符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
     删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
     修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
 
     注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
           2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
       I hardly remember my grandmother.She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs.I was only four when she passes away.She is just a distant memory for me now.
       I remember my grandfather very much.He was tall,with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years.He had a deep voice,which set himself apart from others in our small town,he was strong and powerful.In a fact,he even scared my classmates away during they came over to paly or do homeword with me.However, he was the gentlest man I have never known.
第二节  (书面表达,满分25分)
假定你是李华。请给笔友Peter写信,告诉他你的叔叔李明将去他所在的城市开会,带去他想要的那幅中国画,同事询问他是否可以接机。信中还需说明:
李明:高个子,戴眼镜
航班号:CA985
到达:8月6日上午11:30
注意:1、字数100左右;
  1. 可适当增加细节,使行文连贯;
  2. 开头语结束语以为你写好。
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