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英语考试范围相关样卷

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时间:2014-03-09

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一、考试内容和要求
   根据普通高等学校对新生文化素质的要求,依据中华人民共和国教育部颁布的《普通高中课程方案(实验)》和《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》,确定本学科考试内容。
  考核目标与要求
  一、语言知识
  要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题,要求词汇量为3000左右。
  二、语言运用
(一)要求考生能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等,并能从中获取相关信息。考生应能:
   (1)理解主旨和要义;
   (2)理解文中具体信息;
   (3)根据上下文推断生词的词义;
   (4)作出判断和推理;
   (5)理解文章的基本结构;
   (6)理解作者的意图、观点和态度。
(二)要求考生根据题示进行书面表达。考生应能:
   (1)清楚、连贯地传递信息,表达意思;
   (2)有效运用所学语言知识。
(三)要求考生熟悉下列语法项目
1.名词
  (1)可数名词及其单复数
  (2)不可数名词
  (3)专用名词
  (4)名词所有格
  2.代词
  (1)人称代词
  (2)物主代词
  (3)反身代词
  (4)指示代词
  (5)不定代词
  (6)疑问代词
  3.数词
  (1)基数词
  (2)序数词
  4.介词和介词短语
  5.连词
  6.形容词(比较级和最高级)
  7.副词(比较级和最高级)
  8.冠词
  9.动词
  (1)动词的基本形式
  (2)系动词
  (3)及物动词和不及物动词
  (4)助动词
  (5)情态动词
  10.时态
  (1)一般现在时
  (2)一般过去时
  (3)一般将来时
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  (4)现在进行时
  (5)过去进行时
  (6)过去将来时
  (7)将来进行时
  (8)现在完成时
  (9)过去完成时
  (10)现在完成进行时
  11.被动语态
  12.非谓语动词
  (1)动词不定式
  (2)动词的-ing形式
  (3)动词的-ed形式
  13.构词法
  (1)合成法
  (2)派生法
  (3)转化法
  (4)缩写和简写
  14.句子种类
  (1)陈述句
  (2)疑问句
  (3)祈使句
  (4)感叹句
  15.句子成分
  (1)主语
  (2)谓语
  (3)表语
  (4)宾语
  (5)定语
  (6)状语
  (7)补语
  16.简单句的基本句型
  17.主谓一致
  18.并列复合句
  19.主从复合句
  (1)宾语从句
  (2)状语从句
  (3)定语从句
  (4)主语从句
  (5)表语从句
  20.间接引语
  21.省略
  22.倒装
  23.强调
  24.虚拟语气
 (四)要求考生熟悉下列功能意念项目
  1.社会交往(Social Communications)
  (1)问候(Greetings)
  (2)介绍(Introduction)
  (3)告别(Farewells)
  (4)感谢(Thanks)
  (5)道歉(Apologies)
  (6)邀请(Invitation)
  (7)请求允许(Asking for permission)
  (8)祝愿和祝贺(Expressing wishes and congratulations)
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  (9)提供帮助(Offering help)
  (10)接受和拒绝(Acceptance and refusal)
  (11)约会(Making appointments)
  (12)打电话(Making telephone calls)
  (13)就餐(Having meals)
  (14)就医(Seeing the doctor)
  (15)购物(Shopping)
  (16)问路(Asking the way)
  (17)谈论天气(Talking about weather)
  (18)语言交际困难(Language difficulties in communication)
  (19)提醒注意(Reminding)
  (20)警告和禁止(Warning and prohibition)
  (21)劝告(Advice)
  (22)建议(Suggestions)
  2.态度(Attitudes)
  (23)同意和不同意(Agreement and disagreement)
  (24)喜欢和不喜欢(Likes and dislikes)
  (25)肯定和不肯定(Certainty and uncertainty)
  (26)可能和不可能(Possibility and impossibility)
  (27)能够和不能够(Ability and inability)
  (28)偏爱和优先选择(Preference)
  (29)意愿和打算(Intentions and plans)
  (30)希望和愿望(Hopes and wishes)
  (31)表扬和鼓励(Praise and encouragement)
  (32)责备和抱怨(Blame and complaint)
  (33)冷淡(Indifference)
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  (34)判断与评价(Judgement and evaluation)
  3.情感(Emotions)
  (35)高兴(Happiness)
  (36)惊奇(Surprise)
  (37)忧虑(Worries)
  (38)安慰(Reassurance)
  (39)满意(Satisfaction)
  (40)遗憾(Regret)
  (41)同情(Sympathy)
  (42)恐惧(Fear)
  (43)愤怒(Anger)
  4.时间(Time)
  (44)时刻(Point of time)
  (45)时段(Duration)
  (46)频度(Frequency)
  (47)时序(Sequence)
  5.空间(Space)
  (48)位置(Position)
  (49)方向(Direction)
  (50)距离(Distance)
  6.存在(Existence)
  (51)存在与不存在(Existence and Non-existence)
  7.特征(Features)
  (52)形状(Shape)
  (53)颜色(Color)
  (54)材料(Material)
  (55)价格(Price)
  (56)规格(Size)
  (57)年龄(Age)
  8.计量(Measurement)
  (58)长度(Length)
  (59)宽度(Width)
  (60)高度(Height)
  (61)数量(Number)
  9.比较(Comparison)
  (62)同级比较(Equal comparison)
  (63)差别比较(Comparative and superlative)
  (64)相似和差别(Similarity and difference)
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  10.逻辑关系(Logical relations)
  (65)原因和结果(Cause and effect)
  (66)目的(Purpose)
  11.职业(Occupations)
  (67)工作(Jobs)
(68)单位(Employer)
(五)要求考生熟悉下列话题项目
  1.个人情况(Personal information)
  2.家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)
  3.周围的环境(Personal environments)
  4.日常活动(Daily routines)
  5.学校生活(School life)
  6.兴趣与爱好(Interests and hobbies)
  7.个人感情(Emotions)
  8.人际关系(Interpersonal relationships)
  9.计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)
  10.节假日活动(Festivals, holidays and celebrations)
  11.购物(Shopping)
  12.饮食(Food and drink)
  13.健康(Health)
  14.天气(Weather)
  15.文娱与体育(Entertainment and sports)
  16.旅游和交通(Travel and transport)
  17.语言学习(Language learning)
  18.自然(Nature)
  19.世界与环境(The world and the environment)
  20.科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and mondern technology)
  21.热点话题(Topical issues)
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  22.历史与地理(History and geography)
23.社会(Society)
24.文学与艺术(Literature and art)
二、试卷结构
试题分为单项选择、阅读理解、翻译和书面表达四种题型。单项选择和阅读理解是客观题,只需写出唯一的选项即可。翻译和书面表达为主观题,需考生认真书写每个单词和句子。
三、英语样卷
一、单项选择(每小题1分,共10分)
1.When he left ________ school, he got a job as ________ reporter in a newspaper office.
A. / ; a                  B. / ; the                   C. a ; the                  D. the ; a 
2. Do tell me the way you think of ______ the problem as soon as possible.
A. to solve                  B. solving             C. solve                       D. being solved
3.---May I try the shirt on?
   ---______, but I think it will be too large for you.
   A. Believe it or not B. By all means      C. With pleasure      D. As you like
4.65% of the students ______that the number of private cars _______ increasing rapidly.
  A. agree; are                B. agrees; is         C. agrees; are       D. agree; is
5.The doctors insisted that the patient was in danger, and that he __________on at once.
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 A. was operated             B. be operated            C. should operate D. operated
6.The reason        .he didn’t go to school yesterday was        he was sick
    A.why;that                                            B.that;because 
       C.that;that                                               D.for which;what
7.I have advised him not to do like that, but he still insists on doing it that way. I think he has his own opinion          .
    A. in all                       B. above all                 C. after all                   D. first of all
8.---- Tom wants to be another Obama after he graduates from school.
---- That sounds great, but how can he ____ a person like him if he goes on like this?
A. change                     B. turn                         C. get                          D. make
9.-Have you known him for a long time?  
-Yes, since he ________ here after graduation.
A. comes               B. came                       C. has come                D. had come
10.The murderer was brought in, with his hands _______ behind him.
A. being tied                 B. having tied        C. to be tied                D. tied
二、阅读理解(每小题2分,共10分)
One of the biggest challenges facing students and their families is what career they should enter and what is the best path for them to take.
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I was talking to someone the other day who told me he first studied accounting because that was what everyone was studying several years ago. It was and some say still is a reliable career. However, then he told me that he was now studying financial investment because again--- that’s what everyone was studying now and it was needed if he wanted to get ahead in the company.
And I asked him what he was actually interested in and then— well the conversation kind of died. So I asked why he had bothered studying accounting in the first place and he explained that it was his parents’ idea. Finally I asked what his passion was and he wasn’t too sure because he never thought about it.
And so it is— lifelong learning— or the continual need to make ourselves marketable in a world that appears to be more competitive as time goes by. Is there a secret to help us so we can live a life of quality?
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Regardless or not at this stage in world history with increasing connection between people,
ideas and markets — the ability to match the needs and desires of the day with your own skills and products is a tremendous and vigorous challenge.
    Many have gone into English or foreign language study because it was encouraged at the time when China was entering the WTO. Or maybe they were interested in international affairs or working abroad. Upon graduation they then faced the reality that there was a limit to how many jobs they could apply for.
Perhaps some then studied further doing courses for work such as a tour guide or translator/ interpreter. Many may have decided that going into teaching was more rewarding or stable. Others would have gone into media or advertising or conference management and acquired new skills along the way.
This constant quest to remain ahead of the game makes many upset and exhausted. Some futurists who examine technology have even predicted that people should expect to change careers six or seven times during their lifetime!
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So if you are concerned by the nature of change, why not start spending more time looking at the most modern leading economies, institutions and their publications. A whole lot of changes are starting to happen yet there is no reason why this cannot be enjoyable, exciting and also rewarding. Our attitude, approach and willingness to continually learn and update our skills must remain strong.
My tip is to track the work that our government is setting about to achieve. In particular, look at the people who have been chosen as the key support team and try to read behind the light surface news and look at their career development and examine the recent reports that they are now recommending the government move towards. Key industry development, new ways of dealing with information and new demands are creating opportunities for the students and workers of tomorrow — if we stay prepared.
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11. Who is this article intended for?
A. Government administrators.       B. Students planning their careers.
C. Foreign language learners.        D. Professors designing courses.
12. The case of the student who first studied accounting and then financial investment shows ______.
   A. many people decide their majors without knowing their own interest
   B. parents’ decisions are always blind and will result in a life of low quality
   C. accounting and financial investment are necessary to ensure a reliable career.
   D. people never have a chance to think about their own interest in choosing career.
13. In the writer’s opinion, to make yourself competitive in the changing world today is _____.
   A. exhausting    B. disappointing      C. unbelievable        D. necessary
14. According to the writer, lifetime learning can be exciting if ______.
   A. we are prepared for the changes     
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B. we know who President has on his support team
   C. we read the publications of advanced institutions
   D. we learn English or some other foreign languages
15. Whoever has been chosen as the key support team of the government _______.
   A. shows the government’s interest in new information
  B. enables you to find out how hard-working these people are
   C. indicates the direction the economy is developing
   D. reveals the government encourages creative young people
三、翻译(每小题1分,共5分)
Direction: translate the following Chinese sentences into English or English sentences into Chinese.
16. It is said that Chinese started to use paper money earlier than westerners.
17. People didn’t come to realize the importance of planting trees until they had experienced a number of serious natural disasters.
18. Though he was not rich, he did his best to help the students in poor areas.  
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19. 昨天晚上我们欣赏了一台精彩的演出。(enjoy)
20. 因为大雾,通往南京的高速公路关闭了。(due to)
四、书面表达(每小题5分,共5分)
Direction: write an article with the title of “HONESTY” according to the following information.
1.生活中确实存在不讲诚信的现象;
2.举一例说明(如,有毒奶粉、冒名顶替上大学、考试作弊等);
3.讲求诚信的意义。
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